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When is a project considered complete?
What project selection method assigns a weighting for different criteria and then scores the criteria for each project?
Which cash flow analysis technique takes into account the fact that money received in the future is worth less than money received today and can put an exact value on the future value of money?
What term is used to describe how the deliverables are continually refined and worked out in greater detail as the project progresses?
_______ are defined as groups of related projects that are managed using the same techniques in a coordinated fashion.
The _______ is the person that promotes the project and gathers support for the project.
What type of organization structure is primarily used in organizations where project work is the primary business of the organization, like a contracting firm or a professional engineering firm?
Which of the following are the individuals responsible for managing project processes and applying knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to complete project activities?
All of the phases of the project are referred to as the _________.
Project costs start out low, are the highest during the _______ phase of the project.
What are the two processes in the initiating process group?
What is the process of developing a document that formally authorizes a project or a phase to begin?
Which of the following is a document will formally authorize either the project or a phase of the project to begin?
The ________ should provide a logical series of facts for initiating a project.
Which business case driver would be responding to what the market is requesting?
Which business case driver would be responding to what the company’s customers are requesting?
Data gathering is one of the tools and techniques defined for the develop project charter process. Which of the following would not be an example of a data gathering technique for the develop project charter process?
What is the process of identifying the people, groups or organizations that may impact or are impacted by the project?
Which of the following stakeholders is typically an executive with the authority to assign resources to a project as well as having the final authority and decision maker for project issues?
Which of the following is a data analysis technique that can be used to identify project stakeholders and their roles in the project?
Which document is the formal, approved document that is concerned with defining and documenting the activities that will be required for the project?
What is the planning process of defining and documenting stakeholders’ needs to meet the project objectives?
Which decision-making technique is where all participants agree?
The ________ is a table that is created that lists each of the project requirements and traces them from their origin throughout the life of the project.
The project scope is defined as:
Which of the following is a document that acts as an agreement between the project customer and the project team that defines precisely the work of the project or the output of the project?
The __________ is a hierarchical division of the project scope of work.
The create work breakdown structure (WBS) process is where the work of breaking the large project down into smaller units of work called _______.
Which technique for the Create WBS process for documenting major deliverables of the project breaking them down into smaller work packages?
Which of the following is an output for the create WBS process?
What is the planning process of documenting specific activities that must be performed in order to create the project deliverables?
What is the technique for the define activities process of planning current activities in greater detail than activities that will be performed in the future?
Which output for the define activities process will define significant activities and the scheduled dates for completing these activities?
Which is the planning process of placing the individual activities into a logical order, which will identify dependencies that exist among all activities?
Which PDM logical relationship specifies that the completion of a successor activity depends on the completion of the predecessor activity?
What is the technique for the sequence activities process that defines the dependencies which impact the sequencing of project activities?
Which is the planning process of estimating the proper amount of resources that are required to complete each project task?
Which technique for the estimate activity resources process is an estimating technique where activities are broken down and the resources for each work segment are estimated, and then all of the individual estimates are aggregated to create the overall resource estimate for the project activities?
Which output for the estimate activity resources is a comprehensive list of project resources organized by resource type?
Which technique for the estimate activity durations process uses historical information combined with other data to create activity durations?
What is the formula for creating estimates using the three-point estimating technique?
Which technique for the develop schedule process that calculates the flexibility, sometimes called float, for each path in the network schedule by using early start and finish dates, as well as late start and finish dates for each activity?
What are the two resource optimization techniques that can be used to adjust the schedule based on the availability of resources?
What are the two modeling techniques that can be used to develop the project schedule?
Which technique for the develop schedule process that can shorten the project schedule without changing the project scope?
What are the two schedule compression techniques that can be used to shorten the project schedule?
The primary purpose of the _______ is to determine and document start and finish dates for each of the project activities.
What are the two costs associated with conformance work?
____________ are the defects and incorrectly performed work found by the customer.
What planning process takes all of the cost estimates for each of the activities for the project and summing them together and creating the project budget?
What technique for the determine budget process manages project funds and verifies that the correct amounts are being spent during each phase of the project?
What is the approved version of the time-phased project budget, which can only be changed through formal change control procedures?
The cost baseline is made up of what two elements?
The project budget is made up of what two elements?
What is the formula for calculation the total communication channels?
What is the step in the basic communications model of making the communication message understandable to the recipient?
Which communication method is a two-way exchange of information between communication participants?
Which of the following is used to identify the probability of an identified project risk actually occurring and the impact on the project?
Which of the following is a tool that organizes project risks and defines the probability as very low, low, medium, high, and very high. Risks are then evaluated against the criteria of cost, time, scope and quality to determine the impact of each risk in each area?
What information gathering technique for the identify project risks process helps to identify the causes of problems so preventative actions can be taken?
What is the planning process that analyzes project risks using a numerical approach?
What is the planning process of deciding what actions to take in order to reduce threats and maximize the opportunities that are discovered during the risk analysis process?
Which technique for the plan risk responses process includes modifying the project plan to eliminate or avoid the possibility of the risk occurring entirely?
Which technique for the plan risk responses process is an attempt to reduce the probability of a risk event and the impact of the risk to acceptable levels?
What is the planning process of identifying what goods and/or services will need to be purchased from outside of the organization?
What type of fixed price contract is where the price of the product or service to be purchased is fixed and does not change unless the scope changes?
What type of fixed price contract sets a fixed-price for a specified product or service, but it includes predefined adjustments as a result of changes in the economy, such as inflation, interest rates, and market conditions of commodities over the long duration of time?
What type of cost reimbursement contract will reimburse the seller for their permitted costs associated with performing the contract work, plus pays a fee based on the satisfaction of the buyer for achieving specified performance objectives that are stipulated in the contract?
Which of the following is a technique for the plan procurement management process that will be used to determine if a product or service can be supplied by the project management team or if it is best to have the product or service provided by an outside supplier or vendor?
What is the planning process of developing necessary strategies to manage stakeholders for the entire duration of the project?
Which executing process involves putting the project management plan into action?
Which output for the direct and manage project work process is the information that is collected about the project work being performed?
Which executing process verifies that quality standards defined in the project quality management plan are being achieved on the project?
Which tool to perform quality assurance is used to organize potential defect causes or defect issues into groups?
Which is the executing process of obtaining the project team members so the activities of the project can be completed on schedule?
Which is the executing process of improving the skills and competencies of project team members?
Dr. Bruce Tuckerman devised a model that defines how teams develop and evolve. During the _______ stage, project team members have settled into their positions in the group and decisions are made together by all members of the project team.
Which technique for the develop team process are formal ways to promote effective and desirable behavior within the project team and are given for going above and beyond the expected performance?
What is the executing process of tracking the performance of individual project team members and providing feedback on their performance?
Which technique for resolving conflicts requires each party involved in the conflict to give up something to resolve the conflict?
What is the executing process of creating, collecting, distributing, storing, and retrieving project information as defined in the communication management plan?
Which input for the conduct procurements process defines the criteria that will be used to evaluate the bidders responding to the procurement documents?
Which input for the conduct procurements process provides the vendors, suppliers and contractors with clearly stated goals, requirements and outcomes so they can provide a clear response to bid requests?
What technique for the conduct procurements process are group meetings where all interested vendors, sellers, or bidders attend, and the services that are being requested are explained?
Which output for the conduct procurements process are legally binding agreements that obligate the seller to provide the contracted product or service for the stipulated price, and obligate the buyer to compensate the seller once the terms of the contract have been fulfilled?
Which monitoring and controlling process will give the project manager and the project team current information on the health of the project?
Which monitoring and controlling process gathers and reviews any change requests that have been received by either the project team or project stakeholders and approving changes?
Which monitoring and controlling process is the formal acceptance of completed project outputs and deliverables?
Which of the following are the tools and techniques for the validate scope process?
Unapproved changes to the project scope are known as ________.
Which of the following is one of the data analysis techniques that may be used for the control scope process?
When using the critical path method, variances from the planned critical path to the actual critical path is an indication of __________.
Which technique for the control schedule process is a schedule modification technique that, if done correctly, can shorten the project schedule without changing the project scope?
Which monitoring and control process monitors the project costs during the execution phase of the project to evaluate if the project is staying on the planned budget?
When using earned value management as a technique of the control cost process, what is the value of the work that is completed in relation to the authorized budget for that work?
When using earned value management as a technique of the control cost process, what is a measure of cost efficiency?
Which technique for the control cost process is a calculation that analyzes the work remaining and the funds remaining to determine if the budget at completion (BAC) can be achieved based on the current rate of progress and funds being spent for the project work so far?
Which monitoring and controlling process verifies that the project deliverables are correct and satisfy the project quality requirements defined in the project management plan?
Which of the following is a technique that illustrates how various factors are linked and are useful to uncover the root cause of project problems?
Which technique for the monitor risks process involves analyzing risk responses to determine their effectiveness?